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What Every Cat-Owner Should Know About Cat Urine Crystals


Cat urine crystals can be totally harmless or indicative of potential issues in your furry friend. Learn the in's and out's of these crystals with PrettyLitter.

Keep Your Kitty In Good Health

struvite crystals in cats

What Are Cat Urine Crystals?

Cat urine (struvite) crystals are microscopic minerals made of ammonium, phosphate, and magnesium. On their own, these three substances are harmless and completely normal to find in your pet’s urine.

In high concentrations, however, they’ll bind together to form struvite crystals in cats. Still, in small amounts, these crystals in cat urine are nothing to worry about.

The real issues arise when they fuse with mucus from the cat’s urinary bladder to create a urinary blockage, or merge as larger and larger crystals that become struvite bladder stones-this is where your careful care and attention becomes vital to your pet's health and safety.
A Grey Kitty Sitting On The Bed

How To Identify Crystals In Cat Urine?

You know the meaning of your cat's every gesture and every look. But when it comes to telling you that something's wrong, cats may struggle to get the message across.

That's why keeping an eye out for your signs and symptoms of cat crystals in your pet’s urine can help you listen to your cat's needs.

Clinical signs of cat urinary problems include:

  • Difficulty or Pain When Urinating
  • Urinating Outside the Litter Box or Inappropriate Urination
  • Bloody Urine
  • Frequent but Small Amounts of Urination
  • Lethargy or Depression

The symptoms of urinary crystals overlap significantly with signs of lower urinary tract disease.

Without more in-depth veterinary testing, it can be difficult, if not impossible, to differentiate between struvite crystals and other urinary issues—bring your kitty to a doctor as soon as they exhibit these signs to help your pet get the proper veterinary medicine.
A Furry Cat In The Litter Box

What Causes Crystals In A Cat's Urine?

Senior cats and kittens alike can develop struvite crystals—unfortunately, it has no age limit.

Any pH-altering medical condition can cause crystals, such as cat kidney disease or a urinary tract infection and even urethral obstruction.

The infectious bacteria of a UTI (Urinary Tract Infection) produces urease and Urethral Obstruction which prevents your cat from urinating, which alters the pH balance of their urine and can contribute to the urinary stone formation of the crystals or "Struvite".

Additionally, dietary and metabolic factors can cause these tiny crystalline structures, including:

  • High Levels of Dietary Magnesium, Phosphorous, Calcium, Sodium, and Fiber
  • Highly Concentrated Urine that is Supersaturated with Struvites and an Increased pH Level
  • Dehydration, Which Contributes to Urine Supersaturation
A Cat Licks Water

How To Prevent Struvite Stones In Cats?

Proper hydration is key to preventing struvite uroliths (cat urine crystals). Diluted urine is less likely to accumulate the dangerous minerals that eventually form into urinary crystals—regardless of the urine’s pH balance.

Although you can’t force your cat to drink, there are a few ways you can lead them to the water (so to speak):

  • Maintain a Full, Clean Water Bowl
  • Purchase a Pet Water Fountain
  • Feed Your Feline a Balanced Diet of Wet Canned
  • Cat food that Creates Properly pH-Balanced Urine

Check your cat’s litter regularly for signs of alkaline urine. Need an even clearer sign of alkaline urine? PrettyLitter turns blue when your cat’s urine pH is alkaline.

FAQs

PrettyLitter Helps Make Cat Urine Issues Crystal Clear

Without PrettyLitter, it can take way too long to discover your cat’s urinary issues. Struvite stones are no exception. The litter’s color-changing technology can alert you to your cat’s serious health conditions.

Even the best parents need a leg up – PrettyLitter can be yours.

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